It may not have been reviewed by professional editors (see Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML.Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata. Normal salt 2.

Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. Change the target language to find translations.Copyright © 2012 sensagent Corporation: Online Encyclopedia, Thesaurus, Dictionary definitions and more.

A salt is an ionic compound produced by reacting an acid with a base or occurring as a natural mineral.

Such salts give alkaline solutions in water. Acid salt 3. The word "salt" is a general chemical term that refers to ionic compounds formed when an acid reacts with a base. By using ThoughtCo, you accept ourDouble Displacement Reaction Definition and ExamplesIs Dissolving Salt in Water a Chemical Change or Physical Change?Sodium Chloride: The Molecular Formula of Table Salt By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The ion with a positive charge is called a cation, … DiCookies help us deliver our services.

A specific example is the reaction of benzoic acid with sodium hydroxide to form sodium benzoate (and water, which always forms as a by-product when the base is hydroxide ion).  

Definition of salt. All rights reserved. The mineral form halite, or rock salt, is sometimes called common salt to distinguish it from a class of chemical compounds called salts. The name of a salt has two parts. This article is about the term as used in chemistry. The first part comes from the metal, metal oxide or metal carbonate. How Anhydrous Chemicals Are Prepared .

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.The meat-packing, sausage-making, fish-curing, and food-processing industries use salt as a The habitual use of salt is intimately connected with the advance from Salt contributes greatly to our knowledge of the ancient highways of commerce. Some of such salts are : CH 3 COONa, Na 2 CO 3, K 2 CO 3, KCN etc .For our discussion, we consider CH 3 COONa (sodium acetate) in water. In many cases the apparent opacity or transparency are only related to the difference in size of the individual monocrystals. A salt consists of the positive ion ( cation) of a base and the negative ion ( anion) of an acid.

The mineral form halite, or rock salt, is sometimes called common salt to distinguish it from a class of chemical compounds called salts.

A salt containing reactive cations undergo hydrolysis by which they react with water molecules, causing deprotonation of the conjugate acids. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience.

Get kids back-to-school ready with Expedition: Learn! A usually whitish crystalline solid, chiefly sodium chloride, used extensively in ground or granulated form as a food seasoning and preservative.

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Learn more about salt in this article.

In chemistry, salts are ionic compounds that result from the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.They are composed of cations (positively charged ions) and anions (negative ions) so that the product is electrically neutral (without a net charge). Molten salts and solutions containing dissolved salts (e.g., sodium chloride in water) are called The name of a salt starts with the name of the cation (e.g., Common salt-forming anions (parent acids in parentheses where available) include:This entry is from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia. Salt, also called sodium chloride, mineral substance of great importance to human and animal health, as well as to industry.

Related Terms & Definitions. History at your fingertips » Basic Salt » Acidic Salt » Buffer Solution » Double Salt » Salt » Neutralization » Strong electrolyte » Weak Electrolyte » Cloud Condensation Nuclei (CCN) Find More Information.

The inert salt potassium chloride (KCl) is a commonly used salt because the potassium and chloride ions have very common diffusion coefficient and minimizing junction potential, but the potassium chloride is unwise to use as electrolyte when the electrode used is lead or silver because they form a precipitate. The term salt is also used to refer specifically to common table salt, or sodium chloride. Was this definition helpful? An inert salt is used to prevent the reactions from occurring between the salt and solution.

It was so highly valued that the Romans would pay their soldiers in salt rations. … She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels.

Salt, in chemistry, substance produced by the reaction of an acid with a base. Eg:-NaCl, CuCl 2 etc. Learn more about salt in this article. 1.

A salt is any compound formed by the neutralisation of an acid by a base.

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